Frank Bois – Medal of Honor Recepient

(read by Boy Scout Anthu Nguyen at the GAR Memorial Day Ceremony May 25th, 2015) 

The U.S.S. Cincinnati was sinking.  Nothing was going to prevent that.  But the Cincinnati would not go down without one last act of pride and defiance.

 

All of the gunboat’s staffs had been shot away during the battle.  Quartermaster Francis Bois, who had coolly given signals throughout the battle, took the flag, the Stars and Stripes, and nailed it to the last remnants of her foremast, so that when the Cincinnati did sink beneath the waves, it was with her flag still flying.

 

Francis Bois was a Canadian by birth.  However, he joined the Union forces after the Civil War started.  Originally, he joined the army and was a private in the 10th Massachusetts Infantry.  He transferred to the navy in September, 1862.

 

The U.S.S Cincinnati was a distinguished, if not famous, gunboat of the U.S. Navy.  It had bombarded two forts and attacked a confederate gunboat fleet in the early part of 1862, before Mr. Bois had joined her.  It had even been sunk once during the bombardment of Fort Pillow, but had been raised to sail and fight again.

 

Francis Bois’ heroics took place during the siege of Vicksburg.  If you are not a Civil War buff, you may have never had heard of Vicksburg, a small town in Mississippi.  However, during the Civil War it was THE town, as it could be used to control a major portion of the Mississippi River.  As part of the siege, The U.S.S. Cincinnati, along with other gunboats, were ordered to attack a battery of Confederate guns high on a hill.  A contemporary  article in the Harper Weekly described what happened “The U.S.S. Cincinnati went gallantly into action, rounded the point, and blazed away at the rebel batteries, but the latter were not idle, and all the guns that could be brought to bear—rifled and smooth bore — opened on her. Her tiller -ropes were shot away, and she got some heavy shot into her sides. The pilot was killed at the wheel, and her commander took his place. All the men at the wheel were wounded, but Lieut. Bache escaped unharmed. She started up the river, as she made a great deal of water, rounded again the point of the peninsula opposite Vicksburg, and was struck by a plunging 10-inch smooth-bore or 7-inch rifled shot ; she then commenced to sink, and her captain ran her inshore, where she sank to her hammock netting. The officers and crew saved nothing. According to the captain the Cincinnati lost about thirty men in killed and wounded, and 15 to 20 drowned.”

 

Mr. Bois survived the fight, and the war.  Vicksburg surrendered  on July 4, 1863.  For his bravery on the night of May 27th, Francis Bois was awarded the Medal of Honor.  He eventually moved to Puget Sound, where he became a miner.  He died in on January 25th, 1920.  He is buried in this cemetery, where a lone scout stands reverent at his grave.

 

Today is Memorial Day.  Mr. Bois was lucky, as he survived the shelling of May 27th, and survived the war.  However, over 1 million Americans have died while serving their country in wartime.  We hope that on this holiday, an American holiday, you have a day filled with family, friends and fun.  But as you go about your day, please take a moment to reflect on those who have, indeed, given the last full measure of devotion, so all of us have the freedom to live as we see fit.

January 9th, 2003 Meeting Notes

January 9, 2003 7:00PM – 8:45 PM

____________________________________________________________

Purpose of the Third Public Workshop:
Present Preferred Plan for park and cemetery improvements, based on input received at the Second Workshop, together with itemized costs for each proposed improvement. Prioritize improvements for inclusion in the next Dept. of Neighborhoods Small and Simple Grant application.

Description and Summary:
The Third Public Workshop was held at the Miller Community Center on a Thursday evening. Approximately 25 people were in attendance, including representatives of the Friends of the Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery Park; one members of the Sons of the Union Veterans; Maureen Colaizzi, representing the Seattle Dept. of Parks and Recreation, as well as the two park planning consultants. The active participants were all adults. Karen Kiest and Brooks Kolb presented the components of the Preferred Plan. Karen and Cynthia Wells presented the line item probable costs for each component. Maureen Colaizzi described the differences between Small and Simple Grants (up to $15,000 each; 4 application deadlines per year; community organizations can submit for multiple grants) and Large Project Grants (up to $100,000 each; 1 application deadline per year; organizations can receive one grant only). Brooks Kolb noted the participants’ comments on a large easel pad.

The following questions from the public were recorded (a summary of the answers is indicated in parentheses.):
· Will new trees be planted? (Yes, if prioritized for the Grant application)
· Will cars be kept from driving into the park? (Cars can’t entirely be prevented from driving in.)
· Will bollards be used on the west side of the entry drive in lieu of log barriers? (Yes, if prioritized for improvement.)
· Is beer drinking/fooling around a problem in the park? (Not really.)
· Is drainage at the north edge of the park still a problem? (Yes.)
· Where are the clear points of entry at the northwest and northeast corners? Consider more formal entries here than just turf because turf will get muddy, trampled.
· Can volunteers do clearing/grubbing at the entry circle? (Maybe, if it can be done without power tools.)
· Do design and management costs need to be added to the estimate of probable costs? (Yes.)
· What was the Parks Pro-Review discussion? What concerns did it reflect? (Parks would be glad to see removal of the north hedge but Parks has no money to re-plant/replace it.)
· How does the GAR Cemetery Park get to be a line-item in the Parks budget? (by neighbors becoming activists.)
· Would the City remove the north hedge? (No, not without funds from a grant.)
· Is it hard to submit for more than one Small and Simple Grant in one year? (Yes, because each project has to be completed and all paperwork turned in before you can apply for the next project.)
· How many representatives of the Sons of Union Veterans are present? (1 – Lee Corbin.)

The following public comments were recorded concerning project priorities:
· Entry is a priority.
· Turf restoration is a priority.
· Tree pruning per Arborist recommendations should be done first.
· Keep the cluster of Cherry trees: they are the symbol of the park.
· Cypress and Mountain Ash trees in the hedge should be removed.
· Do something simple and uncontroversial: improve the entry of the cemetery/improve visibility into the cemetery.
· Do turf restoration by roping of west side, relocating dogs to the east side; then alternate, switching dogs to the other side.
· Turf restoration!
· Re-plant the north hedge with Rhododendrons.
· Mixed shrubs at entry.
· Re-group items labeled A,B,C on the plan into first, second and third grant application packages.

Conclusion and Wrap-Up:
· Entry improvements are Priority #1 for the first grant application.
· This Priority #1 includes arborist work for improving the appearance of the trees at the entry .
· Turf renovation is also a high priority. It may not require a grant.
· The comments from this meeting will be published on the Friends website, www.fgar.org.
· Comments can also be made to Maureen Colaizzi at maureen.colaizzi{at}seattle.gov. or
at 206/386-4006.
· A celebration of the park planning process will be held on February 13 at the Rudd residence.

The meeting ended at approximately 8:45 PM.

End of Meeting Notes

November 19th, 2002 Meeting

Option A “More or Less”

-Alter North Hedge Corners and add other formal openings
-Create Formal Entry Points to Cemetery
-Add Interpretive Center and Two Parking Spots to Drive Thru Area
-Rejuvenate Turf
-Bollard Additions to SE Corner and Drive Thru
-Address Weak or Misplaced Trees
More or Less

Option B “Less is More”

-Removal of North Hedge and replacement with Woodland Shrubs
-Gradually Replace Cemetery Hedge
-Rejuvenate Turf
-Bollard Additions to SE Corner and Drive Thru
-Create Formal Entry Points To Cemetery
-Add Interpretive Center and Two Parking Spots to Drive Thru Area
-Relocate Flag Pole
-Address Weak or Misplaced Trees
Less is More
19 November Meeting Notes

Back

Home

Purpose of the Second Public Workshop:
Present Arborist’s recommendations concerning the existing trees. Receive community input and comment on a number of options for improving the park.
Description and Summary:
The Second Public Workshop was held at the Miller Community Center on a Tuesday evening. Approximately 25 people were in attendance, including the Friends of the Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery Park; two members of the Sons of the Union Veterans; Maureen Colaizzi and Laurie Chisholm, representing the Seattle Dept. of Parks and Recreation, as well as the two park planning consultants and the consulting certified arborist. The active participants were all adults. Favero Greenforest presented the Arborist’s report and recommendations. Karen Kiest reported on the Parks Department budget and landscape maintenance constraints. She then presented a series of options for park improvements including two overall optional plans titled “Option A – More or Less” and “Option B – Less is More.” Karen used yellow post-it tabs showing icons of Civil War soldier statues and cannons to illustrate the option to add these “monuments” to the park without suggesting any specific locations for them. Brooks Kolb noted the participants’ comments on a large easel pad.

The following public comments were recorded concerning issues and opportunities:

Regarding the Arborist Report:
· Consider keeping the Cherry Tree, Horse Chestnut and other trees recommended for removal.
· Consider allowing these trees to live out their normal lifespan.
· The Dutch Elm inoculation has been working well – these trees appear to be healthier.
· A small, columnar tree in the southwest corner of the park seems out of place with the park’s aesthetic.
· A neighbor has a 15′ tall Sugar Maple to donate to the park.

Regarding the Entry Drive:
· Consider moving Rhododendrons.
· Driving on grass/vandalism is an issue.

Maintenance:
· Getting rid of ivy is a goal.
· Removing hedges promotes loss of bird habitat.
· Too many volunteer hours are spent weeding headstones.

Circulation:
· There are two major approaches on Howe Street – each should be treated equally vis-à-vis bollards, signage.
· (I) grew up with the logs and love them.

Comments on “Option A – More or Less” and “Option B – Less is More”
· The (entry) island should be a protective screen between the park and street. Parking right under the Lawson Cypress trees is undesirable.
· The south edge is undefined and could work better.
· Curved hedge with new material (on Option “B”) is good.
· Would feel unprotected if hedge on north side is opened up. Dogs would run through.
· Dogs are chewing up turf. People don’t obey the leash law.
· Opening sides of the hedge will encourage dogs to run through.
· Could a meadow be substituted for turf lawn?
· Southwest corner is the best area to watch the sunset – it should not be closed with more foliage.
· Wild roses could be used to keep undesirable people from lurking/hiding in vegetation.
· Benches: natural character such as stone is more appropriate than standard park bench.
· Maureen Colaizzi mentioned that there is an option to use New York Central Park-style benches which the Parks Department is using in Seattle’s Olmsted Parks.
· (I) don’t want to see men (statues). This comment was seconded.
· Dick Blount of the Lion’s Club introduced himself and the Club’s mission.
· (I) like monuments (illustrated on the yellow “post-it” tabs) – good for funding.
· Monuments are good to formalize the whole park – it gives a focus and helps to keep park use appropriate.
· If any monuments are used, they should go in the center/cemetery.
· Tim Kerr: prefers informal shrub concept in Option B.
· Entries to park should be clearly defined. But keep new casual entries through hedge to a minimum.
· Cynthia Wells: Option B is good for the relationship between center of park and edges.
· Flagpole next to obelisk is good where it is – it has maximum emotional impact.
· Cannons relate story of Civil War-they are good.
· Cannons right next to where (I) live remind me of and promote violence.
· Too many cuts in north hedge are not a good idea – they encourage drinking, etc. This comment seconded.
· Replacing turf is lowest priority.

Wrap-Up:
· The Third Public Workshop will be held at an as-yet-to-be-determined date in January, 2003, at which time a preferred option plan, based on input received at the November 19 meeting, will be presented by Karen.
· The comments from this meeting will be published on the Friends website, www.fgar.org.
· Comments can also be made to Maureen Colaizzi at maureen.colaizzi@seattle.gov. or
at 206/386-4006.

The meeting ended at approximately 8:45 PM.

End of Meeting Notes

Comments? Email us at: friends{at}fgar.org

October 10th, 2002 Meeting

Basic Facts of Ownership were noted as follows:
-The cemetery plots are owned and managed by the Sons of Union Veterans.
-The cemetery is inside the park.
-As a practical matter, the park and cemetery are maintained together by the Parks Department and FGAR.
-The Park area around the cemetery is owned and managed by the Parks Dept.
-The “Lincoln” logs were installed in the early 1970’s to discourage dirt bikes, etc.
-Lots of descendents of the buried live in the region.
-Parks Dept. lawn mowers were not designed for cemeteries and they chip the headstones.
-558 people are buried in the cemetery. There are approximately 500 headstones in the cemetery.


-The following public comments were noted concerning issues and opportunities:
-Many visitors arrive from the northwest corner.
-The park is (used as) a dog run.
-The park should become unified with the inner cemetery with better neighborhood feel for peaceful, tranquil enjoyment.
-The park is used by young children on the east and west sides.
-Informal, multiple uses are good.
-Area between the hedges is pleasant as it is.
-Area inside the hedges is a dead area.
-Seasonality and different uses (stages of the day) and user groups are great.
-Trees to remove and add are critical (to the desirable park atmosphere)
-No need to add a lot of different trees.
-Add plants to attract birds, such as Butterfly Bush.
-Park should not be too gentrified or manicured – let it be more wild if anything (this mentioned twice.)
-Entry Island could have more plant diversity.
-Flow between inner and outer part of park is good.
-Flower beds instead of hedge desirable.
-Taller plants (like a hedge) would be good.
-Inner Park is too hedge-intensive.
-Need to maintain hedges annually.
-Low hedges good.
-Soldier statues standing guard in the 4 corners (of the cemetery).
-Park benches could be stone seats such as pillar basalt.
-Add bronze civil war cannons.
-History and signage important.
-Night uses, there are good ones and bad ones.
-Statues, etc. (if added) could be vandalized.
-Need better maintenance.
-Consult with Historic Seattle.
-Cemetery center is good as a center for the park but should be more permeable.
-Relationships Between Park, Cemetery and Neighbors
-Karen Kiest and Brooks Kolb Address Group


Want to Contribute But Missed the Meeting? Email us at: info{at}fgar.org

Implementation & Maintenance Costs

Construction Costs

ItemDescriptionQuantityUnitUnit PriceTotal$ SourceWho paysPending
APark/Cemetery Entry
Reconfigure drive (gravel)1LS$2,500.00 2,500KKLASeatransReady
Bollards9EA$250.00 2,250KKLASeatransReady
Entry Pavements500SF$10.00 5,000KKLASeatransReady
Entry Lawn500SF$1.50 750KKLASeatransReady
Clear and Grub out entry circle shrubs2,750SF$0.50 1,375KKLASeatransReady
Mixed Shrub Plantings2,000SF$2.50 5,000KKLASeatransReady
Spruce trees removal2EA$200.00 400KKLASeatransReady
New Trees6EA$350.00 2,100KKLASeatransReady
Directional signage -- off 15th (by Parks1NC-KKLASeatransReady
No off leash dogs signage(by Parks?)NC-KKLASeatransReady
Interpretive signage alone1LS$2,400.00 2,400KKLASeatransReady
Interpretive element1LS$2,400.00 2,400KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL24,175
BArborist Work
Mulch Rings (by FGAR?)NC-KKLA?Ready
Pruning18EA$500.00 9,000KKLA?Ready
Recommended Tree Removal5EA$350.00 1,750KKLA?Ready
SUBTOTAL10,750
CPark Turf Work
Turf Renovation eastside16,800SF$0.25 4,200KKLA?MGS/DOPAR
SUBTOTAL4,200
DNorth Edge
Remove ex. Hedge460LF$20.00 9,200KKLASeatransReady
Regrade, etc.6,900SF$0.50 3,450KKLASeatransReady
Mixed Shrub Plantings3,000SF$2.50 7,500KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL20,150
EE/W Park Edges
Remove poor tel. poles, stumps, etc.1LS$2,500.00 2,500KKLASeatransReady
FCemetery Edge (Hedge)
Remove ex. south hedge, grind stumps260LF$25.00 6,500KKLA?Ready
Install new hedge240LF$10.00 2,400KKLA?MGS/DOPAR
SUBTOTAL8,900
GCemetery Amenities
New eastside seating2EA$1,500.00 3,000KKLA?Ready
Revise existing plantings(BY FGAR?)NC-KKLA?Ready
Renovate cemetery turf2,400SF$1.00 2,400KKLA?SPU
Demo existing flagpole1LS$300.00 300KKLA?SPU
New flagpole, installed1LS$3,000.00 3,000KKLA?SPU
Civil War Elements - TBD (Donor?)NC$0.00 -KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL8,700
HGravestones
Replacement stonesand set (By SOUV, Gov.)NC-KKLA?Ready
Reset some stones(BY SOUV, FGAR?)NC-KKLA?Ready
SUBTOTAL-
TOTALTOTAL$79,375

Maintenance Costs

ItemDescriptionQuantityUnitUnit PriceExistingNewTOTAL$ SourceWho paysPending
AArborist Work
Annual Tree Work (Range from 20-120 hours?)40HRS$50 2,000--Parks?Ready
Elm Treatment (annual)20HRS$50 1,000-Roanoke?Ready
SUBTOTAL2,0001,0003,000
BPark Maintenance, Turf Work
Almost daily inspection, litter, etc.40HRS$50 2,000--Parks?MGS/DOPAR
Mowing 2x/mo, May - Sept.70HRS$50 3,500--Parks?MGS/DOPAR
Trimming 1x/mo, May - Sept.30HRS$50 1,500--Parks?MGS/DOPAR
Turf supplement (irrigation/mowing)20HRS$50 1,000-KKLA?MGS/DOPAR
SUBTOTAL7,0001,0008,000
CE/W Park Edges
Regular mowing (no real change)NA---KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL---
DNorth Edge
North hedge, 1x year trimming50HRS$50 2,500--Parks?Ready
North Hedge Removal50HRS$50 2,500-ParksSeatransReady
Shrub Establishment Maintenance (by FGAR)NA---KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL2,5002,500-
ECemetery Edge (Hedge)
North hedge, 1x year trimming50HRS$50 2,500--Parks?Ready
South hedge replacement w lower maint.50HRS$50 2,500-Parks?MGS/DOPAR
SUBTOTAL:2,5002,500-
FPark/Cemetery Entry
Shrub Establishment Maintenance (by FGAR)NA---KKLASeatransReady
SUBTOTAL---
GCemetery Amenities
Plantings at monument (FGAR)NA---KKLA?Ready
Eastside plantings(BY FGAR?)NC---KKLA?Ready
Supplemental Cemetery Turf maint. (see above Parks)20NA$50 1,000-KKLA?Ready
Weed whip at stones (4 hours, 1xmonth, 5 months)20$50 1,000-KKLA?Ready
SUBTOTAL-2,0002,000
HGravestones
Stone monitoring (BY SOUV, FGAR?)NC---KKLA?SPU
SUBTOTAL---
Special Project Support (see Parks report)
Other Special Projects40$50 2,000--Parks?SPU
Eventual reduction with project implemention?40$50 2,000-KKLA?SPU
SUBTOTAL2,0002,000-
$ TOTALS (assumes $50/hour, average)TOTAL$16,000 $3,000 13,000
SUBTOTAL HOURSTOTAL HRS32060260

FGAR Arborist Report

The Arborist’s Report

Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery Park

Tree Inventory and Analysis

An inventory count and inspection of all trees 6″diameter or greater is conducted at the Grand Army of the Republic Cemetery Park. This report contains significant information to tree health and vitality.
The table below and narrative includes:
i. Plant name (common and specific epithet [genus and specie]).
ii. Plant size (plant height, canopy width and stem caliper- DBH or diameter measured 4.5 feet from the ground).
iii. Condition rating of 10%-100% reflecting current condition and useful life remaining. Higher numbers signify a better condition and a longer remaining useful life.
iv. Specific comments pertaining to current condition.
v. Recommendations of care.
#Common NameSpecific NamedbhheightwidthcondCommentsPruningSprayOther
1Red mapleAcer rubrum320685%Wound at base of stem.
2Kwanzan flowering cherryPrunus serrulata 'Kwanzan'23223545%CBT, suckers at base of stem, deadwoodXXPrune suckers from base of tree.
3English oakQuercus robur25505580%Aphid infestation, deadwood, girdling root.XCut visible girdling roots at rootcrown.
4Southern red elmUlmus serotina11353060%Very asymmetric structure.Prune oak (#5) to create canopy space for elm.
5English oakQuercus robur39807070%Double leader with included bark. Objects in tree.XRemove objects from tree. Monitor included bark. Prune to make space for elm.
6English oakQuercus robur32657570%Girdling root, deadwood.XCut 2" girdling root on SW side of trunk.
7Bigleaf mapleAcer macrophyllum34705070%DeadwoodX
8English oakQuercus robur23655060%DeadwoodX
9Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera13402530%Suppressed by oak #11.Remove tree.
10Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera11352030%Suppressed by oak #11.Remove tree.
11Red oakQuercus rubra32908070%Deadwood, girdling root on east buttress.XCut girdling roots at buttress on east side of trunk.
12Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30707050%Leaf miner insect damage, suckers.Thin suckers along trunk.
13Bigleaf mapleAcer macrophyllum36806050%girdling root on buttress on SW side.XCut 2" girdling root on SW side of buttress.
14Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica20703050%Deadwood.X
15Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30906050%DeadwoodX
16Mt. AshSorbus acuparia21404035%Deadwood, stem decay, girdling roots.Remove tree.
17Red oakQuercus rubra38909570%DeadwoodX
18Douglas-firPseudotsuga menzeseii94018100%
19Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica26804550%Deadwood, double leader.XMonitor double leader with included bark.
20Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica28805050%
21Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera14,23601870%Single canopy with #22.
22Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera20601870%
23Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica24704050%DeadwoodX
24Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica25704050%DeadwoodX
25Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30704050%DeadwoodX
26Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica38605020%Deadwood, tree in decline. DED potential.Prune ivy and suckers from base.
27Sugar mapleAcer saccharum52512800%Wound at base of stem.Recommend rootcrown excavation to assess girdling root potential.
28Sugar mapleAcer saccharum6302590%Girdling root, 18" trunk wound.ditto
29Sugar mapleAcer saccharum7302590%Girdling root.ditto
30Sugar mapleAcer saccharum8353090%Crossing limbs, spatial competition with #31XDitto. Prune to remove crossing limbs.
31Common horsechestnutAesculus hippocastanum9302590%Girdling trunk wound, spatial competition with #30.Remove tree
32Yoshino flowering cherryPrunus yedoensis30305040%CBT, suckers at base of stemXX
33Yoshino flowering cherryPrunus yedoensis36303540%CBT, suckers at base of stem, deadwoodXX
34Kwanzan flowering cherryPrunus serrulata 'Kwanzan'13301050%Tree leaning, no visible buttress flare, internal decay.Remove tree.
35Colorado sprucePicea pungens7401650%Declining condition
36Colorado sprucePicea pungens11352065%
37Kousa dogwoodCornus kousa3121890%poorly rooted.Recommend regular watering during summer months.
38Sycamore mapleAcer pseudoplantanus16,18,18606080%aphid infestation.
39Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana12601270%
40Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana 'glauca'16401470%
41Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana 'glauca'14401470%
42Sycamore mapleAcer pseudoplantanus12503570%
43Pacific dogwoodCornus nuttallii8451260%
44Colorado sprucePicea pungens16501250%
45Colorado sprucePicea pungens15501640%Declining condition. Ski fastened to trunk.Remove ski from tree.
46Moss cypressChamaecyparis pisifera 'Squarrosa'18,13404560%
47Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16,9904070%Single canopy with #48 & 49.
48Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16
49Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana30
50Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana21903070%Single canopy with #51 & 52
51Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana12,9
52Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16
No trees are recommended for removal based on current hazard potential. Native trees include Bigleaf maple, Douglas-fir, Pacific dogwood and Mountain ash.

Tree Count at GAR Cemetery Park

Common NameSpecific NameQuantity
MaplesBigleaf MapleAcer macrophyllum2
Sycamore MapleAcer pseudoplantanus2
Red MapleAcer rubrum1
Sugar MapleAcer saccharum4
HorsechestnutCommon HorsechestnutAesculus hippocastanum1
CypressLawson CypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana7
Blue Lawson Cyrpress Chamaecyparis lawsoniana 'glauca'2
Sawara CypressChamaecyparis pisifera4
Moss CypressChamaecyparis pisifera 'Squarrosa'1
DogwoodKousa DogwoodCornus kousa1
Pacific DogwoodCornus nuttallii1
SpruceColorado SprucePicea pungens4
Flowering CherryKwanzan flowering cherryPrunus serrulata 'Kwanzan'2
Yoshino flowering cherryPrunus yedoensis2
Douglas FirDouglas FirPseudotsuga menziesii1
OakEnglish OakQuercus robur4
Red OakQuercus rubra2
Mountain AshEuropean Mt. AshSorbus aucuparia1
ElmSouthern red elmUlmus serotina1
Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica9

Summer Irrigation

The young trees are suffering most from lack of summer water, specifically the red maple, sugar maples and the kousa dogwood. I recommend regular supplemental watering through the dry summer months, at least every 10 – 14 days. Water to a soil depth of 12 inches.
I recommend avoid watering near the cypress trees during summer months. Pythium and phytophthora, two deadly soil borne fungi, are encouraged by summer watering and particularly enjoy trees in the genus Chamaecyparis.

Turf and Mower Damage

Mower damage has occurred on the trunks of some of the trees. To avoid this, and to create a more root-friendly growing site, I recommend removing turf in a circle around the trees and mulching with wood chips 3-4 inches deep. As a guide, create the circular turf-free zone as large a diameter in feet as the tree’s trunk is in inches.

Pruning Recommended: What Does it Mean?

Pruning is recommended for several trees in the attached spreadsheet. Nearly all the pruning needed is the limited to the removal of dead limbs two inches in diameter and greater. The potential for deadwood falling and hitting a park user is the biggest hazard currently identified by this inspection.

Hazard Trees

A small handful of trees have included bark at branch attachments. When the bark of adjacent branches or stems is included, it prevents a structurally stronger wood-to-wood attachment. The amount of included bark identified in the inspection is a slight amount for each tree and currently does not pose a significant hazard from failure potential. Monitoring is recommended.

Insect

Cherry bark tortrix (CBT) is an insect new to this region. (Attached is a fact sheet that will provide more details about this pest.) The larva of this moth feed in the bark of trees in the genus Prunus. This includes the English laurel along the north of the park, and the Portugal laurel hedge surrounding the cemetery, which are both in the cherry family. The current CBT infestation is limited to the flowering cherry trees. If the population soars, the moth begins to lay eggs in the laurels.
There is currently no biological control available. The recommended chemical control is the insecticide Talstar or Tempo applied to drench the frass tubes (see fact sheet) during the first week of October. Repeat applications are made as needed every 3-5 years.

The Elm Trees

The elm trees growing in this park are unlike any other elms in the region. According to Arthur Lee Jacobson, who has been studying these trees since the 80’s, they are genetically separate individuals and not clones of a single cultivar.
Aside from their historic significance in their placement in this park, it is possible that their genetics may play a role in Dutch elm disease (DED ) resistance.
Currently Seattle Parks and Recreation Department are treating the elm trees for DED.
Some of the elms prefer to grow low branches along their trunks. I recommend retaining some low limbs on these trees, rather than trimming them clean.

Arborist’s Survey

#Common NameSpecific NamedbhheightwidthcondCommentsPruningSprayOther
1Red mapleAcer rubrum320685%Wound at base of stem.
2Kwanzan flowering cherryPrunus serrulata 'Kwanzan'23223545%CBT, suckers at base of stem, deadwoodXXPrune suckers from base of tree.
3English oakQuercus robur25505580%Aphid infestation, deadwood, girdling root.XCut visible girdling roots at rootcrown.
4Southern red elmUlmus serotina11353060%Very asymmetric structure.Prune oak (#5) to create canopy space for elm.
5English oakQuercus robur39807070%Double leader with included bark. Objects in tree.XRemove objects from tree. Monitor included bark. Prune to make space for elm.
6English oakQuercus robur32657570%Girdling root, deadwood.XCut 2" girdling root on SW side of trunk.
7Bigleaf mapleAcer macrophyllum34705070%DeadwoodX
8English oakQuercus robur23655060%DeadwoodX
9Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera13402530%Suppressed by oak #11.Remove tree.
10Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera11352030%Suppressed by oak #11.Remove tree.
11Red oakQuercus rubra32908070%Deadwood, girdling root on east buttress.XCut girdling roots at buttress on east side of trunk.
12Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30707050%Leaf miner insect damage, suckers.Thin suckers along trunk.
13Bigleaf mapleAcer macrophyllum36806050%girdling root on buttress on SW side.XCut 2" girdling root on SW side of buttress.
14Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica20703050%Deadwood.X
15Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30906050%DeadwoodX
16Mt. AshSorbus acuparia21404035%Deadwood, stem decay, girdling roots.Remove tree.
17Red oakQuercus rubra38909570%DeadwoodX
18Douglas-firPseudotsuga menzeseii94018100%
19Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica26804550%Deadwood, double leader.XMonitor double leader with included bark.
20Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica28805050%
21Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera14,23601870%Single canopy with #22.
22Sawara cypressChamaecyparis pisifera20601870%
23Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica24704050%DeadwoodX
24Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica25704050%DeadwoodX
25Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica30704050%DeadwoodX
26Dutch elmUlmus x hollandica38605020%Deadwood, tree in decline. DED potential.Prune ivy and suckers from base.
27Sugar mapleAcer saccharum52512800%Wound at base of stem.Recommend rootcrown excavation to assess girdling root potential.
28Sugar mapleAcer saccharum6302590%Girdling root, 18" trunk wound.ditto
29Sugar mapleAcer saccharum7302590%Girdling root.ditto
30Sugar mapleAcer saccharum8353090%Crossing limbs, spatial competition with #31XDitto. Prune to remove crossing limbs.
31Common horsechestnutAesculus hippocastanum9302590%Girdling trunk wound, spatial competition with #30.Remove tree
32Yoshino flowering cherryPrunus yedoensis30305040%CBT, suckers at base of stemXX
33Yoshino flowering cherryPrunus yedoensis36303540%CBT, suckers at base of stem, deadwoodXX
34Kwanzan flowering cherryPrunus serrulata 'Kwanzan'13301050%Tree leaning, no visible buttress flare, internal decay.Remove tree.
35Colorado sprucePicea pungens7401650%Declining condition
36Colorado sprucePicea pungens11352065%
37Kousa dogwoodCornus kousa3121890%poorly rooted.Recommend regular watering during summer months.
38Sycamore mapleAcer pseudoplantanus16,18,18606080%aphid infestation.
39Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana12601270%
40Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana 'glauca'16401470%
41Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana 'glauca'14401470%
42Sycamore mapleAcer pseudoplantanus12503570%
43Pacific dogwoodCornus nuttallii8451260%
44Colorado sprucePicea pungens16501250%
45Colorado sprucePicea pungens15501640%Declining condition. Ski fastened to trunk.Remove ski from tree.
46Moss cypressChamaecyparis pisifera 'Squarrosa'18,13404560%
47Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16,9904070%Single canopy with #48 & 49.
48Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16
49Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana30
50Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana21903070%Single canopy with #51 & 52
51Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana12,9
52Lawson cypressChamaecyparis lawsoniana16